As an audiologist when one deals with hearing loss everyday, it tends to become so general to one, so common and you know it can happen to anyone, anytime – yet the thought rarely crosses your mind that you might one day be the one experiencing hearing loss – till the day that you do, i was expecting-but not hearing loss!
This is my story – The Audiologist with the hearing loss…(Caused by one of the most uncommon causes known!)
I was expecting my son, his due date was on the 6th of March, I had prepared myself for a natural delivery as opposed to my daughters delivery which was a c-section. Due to the nature of the situation (VBAC – Vaginal Birth after Cesearean), I couldn’t not wait any longer than 41 weeks and 10 days for him to arrive and could also not be induced due to risks of uterine rupture. On that day I visited my midwife and she broke the news – I would have to have a repeat Cesearean Section. I was devastated. But I had to accept it, unknowingly my c-section was scheduled 3 days later on the 19 of March, which turned out to be my birthday. I secretly hoped that he would make his appearance before then – but he seemed to enjoy it in there way too much!
My beautiful baby boy Reghardt was born via c-section and spinal aneasthesia on the 19th of March 2015, weighing a wonderful 3.89kg’s. Except for a bit of trauma due to struggling to get him out – he was wonderfully healthy, happy and content. I felt fine, and my Obstetrician even discharged me a day early.
I arrived home and started feeling miserable – the most intense headache you can imagine, but only when I’m standing or sitting up. When I layed flat on my back I felt like a million dollars! I immediately recognised the symptoms as being a so called spinal leak or CSF leak. And the associated headaches is commonly referred to as spinal headaches. I consulted with my midwife and obstetrician who advised bed rest, increased fluid and caffeine intake (Try 3 energy drinks every hour – Redbull gives you wiiiiings!) to slow down the leak and to help the body replenish this fluid as quick as possible. (I was not easy having to breastfeed a newborn and having to lay down on your back the whole time, and add the ridicuolous amounts of caffeiene to this scenario!).
A CSF leak is an escape of the fluid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord. This is typically caused by: Any tear or hole in the membrane that surrounds the brain and spinal cord (dura) can allow the fluid that surrounds those organs to leak. This fluid is called the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). When it leaks out, the pressure around the brain and spinal cord drops.
Causes of leakage through the dura include:
What I didn’t realise at the time is that having a CSF leak could also have other devastating effects on your hearing. I remember the first time I became aware of a change in my right ear – I had the most awful ringing / buzzing/ whooshing/rumbling sound in my ear (Tinnitus) – It was a deafening, frustrating sound. This slowly but surely started becoming worse, to a point where I experienced some distortion and echo of my own voice and loud sounds, music and just everything. I also noticed that I was unable to follow any conversation in the presence of other sound. I also could not localise sound (determine from which side sound is coming from). I was severely irritated and also anxious. I was worried immediately. Since I could not immediately come to any conclusion as to what the cause could be – I read up on the link between CSF leak and hearing loss, and surely – Very uncommon, but definitely associated!
I immediately contacted a few colleagues and a wonderful ENT specialist colleague phoned me back and told me that he is very concerned. He instructed me to not lift my head from the pillow and take a course of high dosage cortisone tablets. He mentioned that he has seen 2 similar cases where individuals lost their hearing completely and received cochlear implant surgery. I followed instructions, except on 2 occasions where I respectively underwent hearing testing – the researcher in me took over!! I wanted to see what my audiograms looked like! Sure enough – I had a unilateral low frequency hearing loss. My first audiogram started at 60dB in the low frequencies and recovered towards the highs, and the second one started at around 30dB in the low frequencies.
I started feeling relief after about 2-3 days, and full relief around 7 days later. I have since not had a hearing test – But I have not experienced any symptoms of hearing loss of Tinnitus since this.
Low-frequency hearing loss occurs after spinal anesthesia. However, the incidence rates reported varied between 3% and 92%. The occurrence of hearing disorders after spinal anesthesia is frequently associated with the “postspinal headache syndrome” and is probably associated with a lesion of the cranial nerve. These clinical symptoms result most likely from a loss of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) by a leakage via the spinal puncture hole . This CSF loss, in turn, results in a subsequent decrease in intracranial and intracochlear pressure . The size of the spinal needle may be related to the incidence of hearing loss. Moreover, perhaps the auditory symptoms result from drainage of inner ear fluid (perilymph) through the cochlear aqueduct that connects CSF and the cochlear fluids. A transitory intralabyrinthine pressure decrease (i.e., perilymphatic hypotension) is therefore responsible for the hearing loss. *
*(Schaffartzik, Walter MD*; Hirsch, Jan MD*; Frickmann, Frank MD*; Kuhly, Peter MD*; Ernst, Arneborg Hearing Loss after Spinal and General Anesthesia: A Comparative Study. Anesthesia & Analgesia: December 2000 – Volume 91 – Issue 6 – p 1466–1472)
I am thankful for this experience, but I am also thankful that I haven’t experienced any permanent damage – which could easily have been if I did not have the information and knowledge that I did.